When creating a landscape design plan, your priority is finding solutions. You might find it a difficult task at first but when you start with a good idea of what you want your garden to look like, you have taken away a chunk of the work away.
A simple scrapbook or notebook will go a long way in helping you create your landscape design plans. You could jot down landscapes, furniture, artwork, plants, lighting plans and other things you would like to have in your garden. You can also use bubble diagrams to simplify things and identify various areas of the garden for activities like playing, dining and relaxing.
Also you must also design structural shapes, spaces between the garden elements and the different routes or plants in the garden. You must consider all these in your landscape design plans.
The mood and atmosphere of your garden will be influenced by the colors, textures and patterns that you select. Some colors will make an area look bigger while some could make it look otherwise. The use of yellows and warm red colors will make a garden area livelier.
White and other pale colors will reflect lights into dark areas. You can also use textures for better effects in a garden. Surfaces could be matte, glossy or shiny. There is no specific template for a landscape design plan. Feel free to experiment and come up with creative designs.
Understanding landscape design plans
A landscape design plan is a 2D representation of a 3D garden and it allows one to visualize a garden well and come up with great ideas. Your ideas can be shared with others and easily and it can be easy to identify where different elements in the design should be placed. You can use a scale plan or a rather simple sketch to showcase your garden design plans. Various kind of landscape design plans will be shown here along with how they can be used.
Working landscape design plans
It is not necessary that working plans are accurate or built to scale. They are used to showcase ideas, the relationship between horizontal surfaces and the location of screens, walls, trees and other elements. Pathways and views can also be included in the working plan.
It is hard to master perspective drawings. You can place a tracing paper over the photo of your garden and draw ideas on top of the tracing paper to give a 3D view of any change you want to implement.
Bubble diagrams will help you experiment relationships among areas in a garden. It is a good way of exploring before drawing a plan that is more detailed.
Finished Landscape Design Plans
Finished landscape design plans are plans that are drawn to scale and show exact locations, dimensions and accurate arrangements of features and elements. These plans are majorly for construction purposes and they are read by contractors and builders who use them to measure lengths and other areas that are used to estimate expenses and locate exact areas on the ground. Cross-sections are used to indicate changing ground levels. Changing ground levels can also be annotated on the overhead plan.
Overhead plans show the exact locations and sizes of elements like areas of planting, alignments and locations of linear elements like screens, walls, fences and hedges and singular components like pools, trees, lights, steps, specimen shrubs, drainage points etc.
Planting Landscape Design Plan
Planting landscape design plans show the location of plants in a garden and their exact number. It also shows the position of large specimens and drifts and groups of the same species. Planting plans are the most useful of all plans. They must be very precise as the planting might be done by an independent contractor without the presence of the designer. A planting plan can help one calculate the total number of plants needed and their exact arrangement before they are planted.
How to Draw up a Planting Plan
A planting plan can be drawn using special design software or by hand. Those that have little experience in reading planting plans might reproduce the symbols in color.
Cross-section or Elevation Plans
Cross-section plans are used to show the impact of changes on a garden. If you have a sloping garden, you can employ the services of a land surveyor to draw an elevation or cross-section plan. This plan will show the important levels before and after alterations are made. Slopes that are highly intricate or complex will need extra plans to be drawn up.
The Use of Scale for Drawing Complex Landscape Design Plans
A scale plan is a proportional visual representation of a garden. It can be drawn by converting actual measurements from a garden to a scale measurement. It is advisable you buy a scale rule that will help you make draw up the scale plan. The scale rules are marked with measurements like 1:50, 1:20 and 1:10. With scale rules, you won’t need to make calculations. When your scale plan is complete, you can use it for your planting and design ideas.
There are several scales to be used for a scale plan. It could be 1:100, 1:20, 1:10, 1:50 etc. A 1:1 scale means that 1 cm on paper is 1 cm on the ground. So, it shows the exact size of an object. A 1:50 scale means that 1 cm on paper represents 50 cm on the ground. For small gardens, you can use scales of 1:50 or 1:20. If you have a large garden, you can use scales like 1:200 and 1:100. A lot of times, designers draw various plans and use different scales for the plans to highlight different details. A planting plan can use a 1:50 scale while a structural plan can use scales of 1:20 and 1:10.
Also read: Creating a garden.