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14 Feb 2018

Understanding a landscape design plan

When you think about a landscape design, it can be described as the blueprint for an outdoor area. Just like building floor plans, a landscape design visually shows where natural and artificial elements of an outdoor area will be. These elements include grass, tress, water fountains and even systems like irrigation and lighting.

Landscape plans are important when constructing a commercial or home garden. Also, when you need to make repairs or upgrades, the landscape plan is a great reference point to help guide the project in terms of choosing the right materials, making budget plans and selecting contractors.

How to Design a Landscape Plan

 Start with an outline

An outline of the outdoor area to be designed is how mostlandscape design plans start out. Once you have the outline drawn out, you can then add the elements found in an outdoor area to it. Just the area to be developed should be included in the landscape plan. The landscape plan also ensures that the area of focus is clearly defined.

Landscape design plan Create the outline

Include existing elements

Once done with the outline of the outdoor area, you can then add permanent fixtures on the landscape plan. These include rocks, streams, structures, elevations and rock formations. Always use the right annotations, colors or signs for elements on the landscape plan so that anybody can read it without confusion. Also indicate the North compass point which is important when making considerations for sunlight and other factors. Most people also include ground cover where necessary. Indicate which one is used such as grass or asphalt. Visualizing cover on a landscape design can be done by using textures.

Landscape design plan Add existing features

Add new landscape design elements

The next step of the landscape plan is to add all the new elements, both natural and man-made that you want to implement on the new area. These include driveways, walking trails, stairs, furniture and plants. Other proposed installations can also be included in the landscape plan to see how they fit with the existing elements.

Landscape design plan Add new landscape design elements


Also read: Playground areas and risk.

02 Feb 2018

A formal garden project

In the right format, a simple formal garden, even a small one, can be of great impact.

The dimensions do not count: the best gardens are a happy combination of geometry and symmetry, in which the plants architecturally create clear and well-structured forms, exalting the straight lines, the corners and the rigorous curves of floors, walls and fountains.

On this type of background there is also a limited range of colors.

Strengths in all formal garden projects

  • Various spaces, distinct yet connected to each other.
  • Strong symmetry, both in the different structural elements of the garden – trees, walls, pergola – and in vegetation, especially in the continuity of climbing plants.
  • A series of focal points, from the pergola to the urn, up to the bench, emphasizing the dense background of ivy.
  • Simple and regular shapes, straight lines and soft curves.
  • Yew hedges, lavender and boxwood well pruned and uniform – the yew hedge ends at the ends with two topiary sculptures pruned in a particularly precise manner.
  • Soft pastel hues for flowers, applied in repeated patterns or in monochromatic spots.

    A formal garden project landscape plan project formal garden layout
    1 Climbers 2 – Rose borders 3 – Lavender hedge 4 topiary sculpture –   5 – Fountain 6 – Paved in natural stone 7 – Brick floor 8 – Statue 9- Hedge  10 – Bench 11 – Grass 12 – Table 13 – Mosaic

 

Bench Carefully evaluate the way the furniture fits into your garden. Traditional lines and materials, such as oak and wrought iron, go well in classic or equally traditionalist gardens.

Modern styles and materials, on the other hand, like stainless steel and plastic, work wonders in contemporary or architectural projects.

Glicine With its long racemes of fragrant flowers, similar to those of the sweet pea, the wisteria is a splendid creeper.

To use it to the best try to reduce the root area leaving the largest possible extension upwards. A beautiful pergola is ideal for enhancing it to the full.

Lavender hedge In all its varieties, lavender is perfect for creating low and fragrant hedges, in formal and informal schemes.

Place it in the sun and on well-drained soil, and prune it lightly after flowering, and with a firmer hand at the beginning of spring, to keep it clean and tidy and to favor abundant blooms.

Do not forget to cut and dry the flower heads dry.

Topiary art in formal garden projects

You will find commercially pruned plants in every possible shape and size, ready and with a certain effect. Personal intervention, however, even if it takes more time, can give a lot of satisfaction.

  1. Select the plant. Some deciduous species may be used, but evergreens are optimal for topiary art, and they give less problems.
  2. Decide whether to grow your plant in a pot by planting it when it has reached the desired size, whether to put it away from the beginning or whether to leave it in a container forever.
  3. Choose a shape. Avoid those too complicated until you have reached an expert dinner. Cones, cylinders, pyramids and spheres are the easiest forms to start.
  4. Before implanting your specimen, prepare the soil well, because topiary requires strong and healthy plants. If you intend to use a container proceed to repotting, using a container only slightly larger than the one from which you take it; if instead it is not ready to transplant, leave it for a while in the original one.
  5. Prune at least a third the side branches, if necessary also to the older wood, to produce a greater number of shoots. For a good result the plants must be very thick. Keep in mind the form you are aiming for even in these very early stages. For a cone, for example, you will cut the branches near the top with more vigor than those at the base, so as to already partially set the final appearance.
  6. Water and nourish the plant well during growth.
  7. Prune back to midsummer, halving the new branches. Then let the plant grow until spring and favor the development of a strong root system.
  8. Prune still in the advanced winter, without exceeding the base of the previous year’s growth.
  9. Keep pruning at regular intervals throughout the season, but only the new branches will appear. The last pruning should be done in late summer, to allow the subsequent limited growth and avoid the ‘fresh cut’ effect, allowing the plant to recover well before winter.

Topiary art in formal garden projects

The ideal plants in this formal garden project

Unless you plan a very formal scheme, based only on the profiles, textures and colors of the foliage to highlight the architectural elements, you will also have to provide shades and shapes that mitigate the rigidity.

This project includes the pale climbing roses and bush, the tender violet of the lavender hedge and the wisteria of the pergola.

Formal project plan For the family landscape plan garden project plantation plan
B – Buxus sempervirens’ SuffruticosaL – Laurocerosa LA – Lavandola angustifolia ‘Munstead’ R – Rosa’ Cécile Briinner  T – Taxus baccata ‘Elegantissima’ W – Wisteria flonbunda

Also read: TYPES OF GARDENS: Modernist Gardens.

Garden Projects: A garden project for the family