The massive rural to urban migration has seen more people stay in apartments and backyards. A lot of people want to have their own garden designs but there is a lack of necessary space. Vertical gardens are the perfect fit for those that want to create a garden in a place with limited space. Some vertical gardens are attached to walls, fences and other structures while some are freestanding. There are various types, styles and kits that can be used along with other things like drip feeders and watering systems that will give your vertical garden the right amount of moisture needed.
You could also come up with your own vertical garden design with objects like pallets, bottles and pots in any outdoor space you have.
Anything that can be grown in a pot or container garden can be grown in a vertical garden. But vertical gardens are typically designed for large plants. When creating a vertical garden design, you must consider the sunlight in a certain area. The plants must receive a certain amount of sunlight daily. This will give them enough photosynthesis that will last them even when they are in the shade.
WHAT KIND OF PLANTS CAN BE GROWN IN IN A VERTICAL GARDEN?
Vertical gardens could be pots, pockets or pods. Some are interlocking modular designs while some are individual segments. Pots are also great. Pots are inexpensive so they can be replaced more easily than felt pockets. They are also more water effective than felt pockets. Pots have various qualities. It is advisable to avoid pots that are too small. Do not use pots that are too small for your plants. A plant needs a pot space of at least 100ml so there will be adequate space for the roots to hold firmly.
SOIL, NUTRIENTS AND OTHER IMPORTANT FACTORS
Planting materials for a vertical garden need to be free-draining and lightweight. The soil could be a light mix substrate mixture of perlite, potting mix and vermiculite with a little amount of organic matter added. A light mix substrate allows plants to take root very quickly. The biodiversity of the soil and the water that passes through the nutrients allows plants to grow well. Fish emulsion concentrate and seaweed concentrate can be used as a nutrient boost for the plants. The nutrient boost can be applied weekly or every two weeks. To ensure that plants get the right amount of water, an irrigation system could be setup. The irrigation system could also have a timer. This way, your plants will be getting water regularly and you don’t need to spend so much time watering them. If you water plants in a vertical garden by hand, the watering must be done regularly because vertical gardens dry out faster than other gardens.
WHAT KIND OF PLANTS ARE SUITABLE FOR A VERTICAL GARDEN DESIGN
Vertical gardens look more attractive when they are filled out. You can experiment as much as you wish and swap out plants anyhow you want. You could have a vertical garden design with pots and have along extra pots with plants growing in there that you can swap easily. The following combination of plants can be grown in your vertical garden:
- Softer planting: These include nandina, varieties of small ferns, philodendrons and liriope
- Arid or rocky gardens: You can plant succulent plants here like Sedum, Rhipsalis and Senecio
- Edible Gardens: These include herbs and leafy greens.
HOW TO GROW VEGETABLES IN A VERTICAL GARDEN DESIGN
Vertical gardens are perfect for growing vegetables. You can grow basil, strawberries, salad veggies and other kinds of plants. You can make your vertical garden design your source of fresh vegetables. Vegetables will help you spot pests easily in a vertical garden. They also save space and won’t require you to spend much time on your knees. When planting vegetables, it is advisable that you plant the right pairs so you can get rid of garden pests and invite the right kind of insects. Pairs like borage and comfrey, nasturtium and marigold are perfect. These kinds of combinations bring in positive insects in a vertical garden design.
ESPALIERED FRUIT TREES IN A VERTICAL GARDEN
You can have espaliered fruit trees in your vertical garden. These look great and they do not take as much space as other kinds of trees. You will also enjoy the fruits they produce. Espaliering involves training the branches of a tree and clipping them so they grow in the right direction. The trees should be grown against a flat surface like a fence line or along a driveway to define the space of a driveway or green the space. Trees like pears, apples, kaffir lime, oranges, olives, lemons and others can be planted.
TRELLIS PLANTING IN A VERTICAL GARDEN
Apart from pods and pots, plants can also be grown on trellises in a vertical garden. There are some vegetables that are vines like snow peas and beans. You just need to tame them along a trellis that is fixed to the wall. The trellis should be positioned in sunny areas. The trellis should also be secured to the fence or the ground. The additional weight of the vegetables needs a strong framework.
WATER IN A VERTICAL GARDEN DESIGN
Water is very important for any garden. You can buy some vertical DIY garden products in the market that come with their own inbuilt watering system so you do not have to go through any stress in watering the garden. The watering system is usually at the back plate of the panel. The panels can be extended vertically or horizontally. In the panel system, there will be a dripper that waters every pot individually so the amount of water to each pot can be controlled. Some systems come with a tap timer so you can manage the water flow to the vertical garden. The rate of watering can be adjusted as needed. For small pots, a short one or two-minute water cycle is perfect. You can also buy mobile kits that can be moved from one place to another as needed.
CONCLUSION ABOUT VERTICAL GARDEN DESIGN
If you have limited space for a garden, a vertical garden is perfect for you. A vertical garden will block strong winds and bring the outdoors closer. It will also block unattractive views and give you the privacy that you desire. It will bring you texture, color and delicate fragrance to a balcony or outdoor courtyard. It is advisable that you go with a simple garden design that won’t overcrowd the space. You can also select plants that will withstand the effects of the shade, hot sun and winds depending on their position.
When creating a vertical garden design, you can come up with numerous creative designs. You can use hanging glass terrarium planters that will look beautiful with succulent plants. You can hang these planters in a row at several heights. You can also use a vertical garden to frame a patio space. You can create a contemporary garden with metal pots on a metal frame. With succulents in a frame, you can make an artwork look beautiful. Packing crates can be repackaged as you wish for a creative look. Vertical gardens are getting more and more popular and people are coming up with so many creative vertical garden designs.
Also read: Hiring a landscape architect for your new garden.