The name derives from the Greek ómpelos «vite» and ópsis «appearance, appearance». The genus includes rustic plants, D, fast growing and lush especially in our climates, where they are grown abundantly for the beauty of the leaves that take, in the autumn season, bright colors. Often, however, they are confused with Vitis and Partenocissus.
Cultivated species of Ampelopsis:
A. aconitifolia, native of China, shows a vigorous development, small leaves, deeply incised, that remind the fronds of some ferns; Ampelopsis arborea is a slender but sturdy climber with leaves of an intense green color and pinkish veins. It grows well on dry soils, so it is used to cover dry walls; A. brevipedunculata includes plants originating in Northeast Asia, with typically trilobed leaves, which are reduced to filaments in the lower part of the plant; Ampelopsis delavayana, native to China, has plants with a thin reddish stem and leaves with toothed margin; Ampelopsis megalophilla, exceptional for its size, can reach and exceed 100 meters, has leaves composed of considerable decorative value, with a serrated edge of a bright green above and tending to blue on the lower page. The fruits are made of blackberries carried by long peduncles and gathered in sparse clusters, protruding from the foliage.
these plants do not have particular requirements for what concerns the ground, they are often used to cover walls and pylons, to which they are attached by means of the extremely sensitive tendrils, which wrap with their spirals whatever objects they come into contact with. These tendrils are branched and distinctly heliophilous and carry at the end a disc that adheres tenaciously to the substrate even if very smooth. The propagation is carried out in September by woody cutting, which is left all winter in cold caisson to root, or during the summer by semi-woody cutting, always making root in cold storage.
Read also: Amorphophallus (Araceae)